• Ganiy M. Karassayev, Institute of State History , Kazajistán
  • Kanat A. Yensenov, Institute of State History , Kazajistán
  • Bolat S. Zhumagulov, Сenter “Rukhani Zhagyru” , Kazajistán
  • Akbota T. B Bexeitova, Sh. Ualikhanov Kokshetau University , Kazajistán
  • Aina S. Khamitova, Sh. Ualikhanov Kokshetau University , Kazajistán


This research article examines Abylai Khan's role as a historical figure in the Kazakh Khanate's foreign policy from the middle of XVIII century to 1781, as well as his diplomatic relations with the Qin Manchurian Empire of China, the Russian Empire, and, most importantly, good diplomacy connections. All these have been considered from the point of view of historical research in the state archives of Russia and Kazakhstan. The diplomatic relations of the Kazakh Khanate with neighboring countries in the seventeenth century, armed conflicts between the Kazakh Khanate and the Dzungarian Khanate, the heroic deeds of Abylai Khan, Kabanbai Batyr, Bogenbai Batyr, and others during the Qin Empire's invasion of the Kazakh Khanate are documented. On the basis of ancient and current scientific literature in Kazakh and international scientific libraries, the real data have been analyzed and methodically reviewed. From a theoretical and methodological point of view, the work was carried out on historical principles, true objective research, analysis of historical events in chronological order, comparative use of archival data, references to the research of scientific literature. The history of further development of Kazakh people has proved that such a courageous and purposeful service, provided by Abylai Khan in the middle of the XVIII century, transcended the borders of one country and became the most important in the region.

  • APA
  • MLA
  • Como citar este artículo
Karassayev, G., Yensenov, K., Zhumagulov, B., Bexeitova, A., & Khamitova, A. (2024). KAZAKH KHANATE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE XVIII CENTURY: EXTERNAL RELATIONS, PROCESS, RESULTS AND SIGNIFICANCE. Intus - Legere Historia, 17(2), 347-363. doi:https://doi.org/10.15691/%x
Karassayev, Ganiy M., Kanat A. Yensenov, Bolat S. Zhumagulov, Akbota T. B Bexeitova, & Aina S. Khamitova. "KAZAKH KHANATE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE XVIII CENTURY: EXTERNAL RELATIONS, PROCESS, RESULTS AND SIGNIFICANCE." Intus - Legere Historia [En línea], 17.2 (2023): 347-363. Web. 3 mar. 2024


• Abdasadyk, A.A., Isenov, O.I., Taskuzhina, A.B., Shahaman, Z.B., Kulbayeva, M. y Mukhitov, K.S., «Abylai Khan: A historical figure and a folklore character (Case study of legends about the orphanage of the ruler)», Astra Salvensis, 2021 (pp. 325-336).

• Archive of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2021. http://archive.president.kz/en/.

• Asfendiyarov, S.D. y Kunte, P.A. (eds.), The past of Kazakhstan in sources and materials, Kazakhstan, Almaty, 1997.

• Ashinova, K. y Sydykova, B., «Subdivisions of the Kazakh Zhuz: A cultural and historical “identity-perspective”», eds. Chabal, P., Alix, Ya. y Baizakova, K., Evolving regional values and mobilities in global contexts: The emergence of new (Eur)Asian regions and dialogues with Europe (pp. 263-274), Peter Lang, Bern, 2021.

• Asylbekov, M.Kh., Kozybaev, M. y Abylkhozhin, Zh.B. (eds.), History of Kazakhstan (from ancient times to the present), Atamura, Almaty, 2010.

• Babkov, I.F., Memories of my service in Western Siberia in 1859-1875, Tipografiya V.F. Kirshbauma, Saint Petersburg, 1912.

• Bartold, V.V., Works on the history and philology of the Turkic and Mongolian people, Nauka, Moscow, 1968.

• Basin, V.Ya., Russia and Kazakh khanates in the ХVІ-ХҮІІІ centuries, Nauka, Almaty, 1971.

• Beketov, A.N. (ed.), Notes of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, Imperial Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, 1861.

• Falk, J.P., Travel notes of academician Falk, Imperial Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, 1824.

• Gottlieb, J., Description of all peoples living in the Russian state and their everyday rituals, customs, clothes, dwellings, religions and other monuments, Imperial Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, 1799.

• Historical Archive of the Omsk region, 2021. https://iaoo.ru/.

• Kasymbayev, Zh., Abylai Khan. History, personality, time, Aruna, Almaty, 2003.

• Khafizova, K.Sh., (ed.), Qing Empire and Kazakh Khanates, Nauka, Almaty, 1989.

• Khafizova, K.Sh., Kazakh strategy of the Qing Empire, Taimas, Almaty, 2008.

• Lapin, N.S. y Akanov, K.G., «Diplomatic relations of the Kazakh khanates and the Russian Empire in late Soviet and modern historiography», Bylye Gody, vol. 16, n°3, 2021 (pp. 1568-1577).

• Levshin, A.I., Description of the Kyrgyz-Cossack or Kyrgyz-Kaysats hordes and steppes, AST, Moscow, 2016.

• Magauin, М., Alphabet of Kazakh history, Kazakhstan, Almaty, 1995.

• Mamyruly, K., The struggle of the Kazakh people against the Dzungar invaders, Nauka, Almaty, 2000.

• Mominova, G.T., Charginova, G.O., Giritlioglu, M. y Kasymova, A.A., «From history of accession of the senior Zhuz to the Russian empire: Prerequisites and reasons», Bylye Gody, vol. 53, n°3, 2019 (pp. 1096-1105).

• Nazarbayev, N. In the flow of history. Almaty: Atamura, Almaty, 1999.

• Nikitin, V.P. (ed.), Memorable book of the Semipalatinsk region, Semipalatinsk Regional Statistical Committee, Semipalatinsk, 1902.

• Nurbay, K.Zh. y Zhuman, G.Zh., «Middle Zhuz in the period of the XVIII – beginning of the XIX century: Political aspect of the problem», Bylye Gody, vol. 54, n° 4, 2019 (pp. 1479-1489).

• Olcott, M.B., The Kazakhs, Hoover Institution Press, Stanford, 2019.

• Russian State Historical Archive, 2021. https://rgia.su/.

• Spassky, G. (ed.), Siberian Bulletin, Morskaya tipografiya, Saint Petersburg, 1821.

• State Archive of the East Kazakhstan region, 2021. http://e-arhiv.vko.gov.kz/ru/Page/Index/1330.

• Suleumenov, R.B. y Moiseev, V.A., From the history of Kazakhstan in the XVIII century (on the foreign and domestic policy of Abylai), Nauka, Almaty, 1988.

• Taishybay, Z.S., Abylai Khan. Collection of documents and materials related to his life and work, Astana, Petropavlovsk, 2005.

• Walikhanov, Sh.Sh., A collection of multi-volume works, Almanakh, Almaty, 2010.

• Yanushkevich, A., Diaries and letters from a trip to the Kazakh steppes, Altyn kitap, Astana, 2007.

• Zavalishin, I., Description of Western Siberia, Publication of the Society for the Distribution of Useful Books, Moscow, 1862.

• Zlatkin, I., History of the Dzungar Khanate (1635-1758), Nauka, Moscow, 1983.

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.